If you experience difficulty chewing, biting food, or swallowing, or if you have chronic jaw pain, then you may be a candidate for reconstructive or corrective jaw surgery. This procedure can treat a wide range of dental and skeletal irregularities and deformities, including a receding chin, facial injury, birth defects, and a protruding jaw. Car accidents and birth defects are among the causes of an unbalanced facial appearance that would require reconstructive jaw surgery.